What is the name of airline fuel?
Jet fuel is a colorless, combustible, straight-run petroleum distillate liquid. Its principal uses are as jet engine fuel. The most common jet fuel worldwide is a kerosene-based fuel classified as JET A-1.
Which fuel is used in jet engine?
3 Jet Fuel (Kerosene) Jet fuel is the third most important transportation fuel. It is a middle-distillate product that is used for jets (commercial and military) and is used around the world in cooking and heating (kerosene).
Is jet fuel a chemical?
Jet fuel is a mixture of a variety of hydrocarbons. Because the exact composition of jet fuel varies widely based on petroleum source, it is impossible to define jet fuel as a ratio of specific hydrocarbons. Jet fuel is therefore defined as a performance specification rather than a chemical compound.
What is Jet A fuel made of?
Jet fuels are primarily derived from crude oil, the common name for liquid petroleum. These jet fuels can be referred to as petroleum-derived jet fuels. Jet fuels can also originate from an organic material found in shale, called kerogen or petroleum solids: that can be converted by heat to shale oil.
Why do planes use kerosene?
Kerosene maintains a low viscosity during flights thanks to its low freezing point. This means it will keep the plane running as it should and won’t clog up the engine. Kerosene is much cheaper than gasoline, making it a more affordable option for airlines.
Is jet fuel just kerosene?
Jet fuel (Jet A-1 type aviation fuel, also called JP-1A) is used globally in the turbine engines (jet engines, turboprops) in civil aviation. This is a carefully refined, light petroleum. The fuel type is kerosene. Jet A-1 has a flash point higher than 38°C and a freezing point of -47°C.
Can I put jet fuel in my car?
Jet fuel can actually be used in cars, but only in diesel engines. Kerosene jet fuel and diesel are actually similar enough to allow for cross-functionality and would provide a similar performance. Both are derived from crude oil, and both run their respective engines on combustion.
Why is kerosene so expensive?
Why so expensive? Denton Cinquegrana, chief oil analyst for Oil Price Information Service, said kerosene is costly in part because no one buys it anymore. “Kerosene just isn’t a widely used product anymore,” Cinquegrana said. “It’s very thinly traded, if at all, so price really becomes a supply issue.
Do airplanes run on kerosene?
Planes fly at extremely high altitudes, which means they spend a lot of airtime in sub-zero temperatures. As a result, planes need to use fuel with a low freezing point – like kerosene – so the fuel functions properly without solidifying during the flight.
Why do planes burn kerosene?
What kind of chemicals are used in aviation fuel?
Aviation fuels consist of blends of over two thousand chemicals, primarily hydrocarbons (paraffins, olefins, naphthenes, and aromatics), additives such as antioxidants and metal deactivators, biocides, static reducers, icing inhibitors, corrosion inhibitors, and impurities. Principal components include n-heptane and isooctane.
When was the composition of jet fuel established?
The composition of aviation fuels has been established by the U.S. Air Force (Air Force 1977, 1981g, 1982d, 1988a, 1989c, 1990) using specifications that are based primarily on the characteristics that give the maximum performance of the aircraft for which the fuel is used (CRC 1984). JP-4 and JP-7 were developed for use by the U.S. Air Force.
What kind of hydrocarbons are in jet fuel?
hydrocarbons, which include approximately 64% aliphatic hydrocarbons, l-2% olefinic hydrocarbons, and 35% aromatic hydrocarbons (Air Force 1989). Jet fuels are based primarily on straight-run kerosene, as well as additives. All of the above fuel oils contain less than 5% polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
What is the chemical composition of diesel fuel?
Diesel fuel no. 1 and no. 2 are similar in chemical composition to fuel oil no. 1 and fuel oil no. 2, respectively, with the exception of the additives. Diesel fuels predominantly contain a mixture of C 10 through C 19 hydrocarbons, which include approximately 64% aliphatic hydrocarbons, l-2% olefinic hydrocarbons,
What kind of fuel is used in commercial aviation?
The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1, which are produced to a standardized international specification. The only other jet fuel commonly used in civilian turbine-engine powered aviation is Jet B, which is used for its enhanced cold-weather performance.
Where can I find chemical information for jet fuel?
Information regarding the chemical identities of JP-5, JP-8, and Jet A fuels is located in Table 4-1. Nearly all jet fuel is made from kerosene derived from petroleum; however, a small percentage is made from oil sands (Chevron 2006).
What are the different types of jet fuel?
There are two types of jet fuel: Jet A and Jet A-1. Jet A-1 is primarily used around the world, whereas Jet A is only available in the US and Canada (though Canada primarily uses Jet A-1). What’s the difference?
Are there any airlines that make their own jet fuel?
There’s also th case of at least one airline making its own jet fuel. In 2012, Delta airlines acquired a side business — one that it’s currently trying to unload. The airline owns a subsidiary called Monroe Energy that operates an East Coast refinery in Trainer, Pennsylvania. There, Delta produces jet fuel, gasoline and other petroleum products.