## What is emf equation of salient pole generator?

Eph = Average value x form factor Equation (1) shown above is the EMF equation of the Synchronous Generator. The Coil Span Factor is defined as the ratio of the induced emf in a coil when the winding is short-pitched to the induced emf in the same coil when the winding is full pitched.

What is emf equation of synchronous generator?

EMF Equation of Synchronous Machine T = The number of turns in the coils connected in series in each phase. φ = flux per pole in the webers. For a 2-pole machine, the flux cut by a conductor (coil side) in one revolution is 2 Webers and the flux cut by a conductor in one revolution of the rotor is Pφ Webers.

What are the factors on which emf induced in alternator depends write the expression for emf?

The induced e.m.f. is directly proportional to A, the area of cross-section of the coil. The induced e.m.f. is directly proportional to B, the strength of the magnetic field in which the coil is rotating. The induced e.m.f. is directly proportional to ‘w’, the angular velocity of coil.

### How is alternator power calculated?

If you know the load connected to the generator, and know it’s output voltage-use Ohm’s law: I=V/R, where V=the output voltage,R=the total load resistance. IF you know what the load’s power consumption is and the output voltage is the rated voltage of the load, then: I=P/V Where P=the power, and V=the voltage.

What is excitation emf?

The process of generating a magnetic field by means of an electric current is called excitation. Field coils yield the most flexible form of magnetic flux regulation and de-regulation, but at the expense of a flow of electric current.

How do you find the phase emf?

EMF equation of alternator

1. By faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, the emf induced is proportional to rate of change of flux.
2. RMS value of emf per phase = Form factor x Average value of induced emf = 1.11 x 4 Φ f T.

## How do you calculate phase emf?

Let Tph be the total number of turns per phase connected in series. Assuming concentrated winding, we can say that a are placed in single slot per pole per phase (So induced emf’s in all turns will be in phase as placed in a single slot. Hence net emf per phase will be algebraic sum of the emf’s per turn.

What four factors affect the induced emf?

What four factors affect the induced emf?

• The induced e.m.f. is proportional to the number of turns in a coil.
• The speed at which the conductor moves through the magnetic field.
• The length of the conductor.
• The rate at which the conductor cuts the magnetic lines of force.

What is the formula of generated emf?

As the armature rotates, a voltage is generated in its coils. In the case of a generator, the emf of rotation is called the Generated emf or Armature emf and is denoted as Er = Eg. In the case of a motor, the emf of rotation is known as Back emf or Counter emf and represented as Er = Eb.

### What is field current in alternator?

The field current is D/C, or direct current. In other words, the current flows in one direction only, and is supplied to the wire coil by a set of brushes and slip rings. The magnetic field produced has, as any magnet, a north and a south pole. The rotor is driven by the alternator pulley. STATOR.

What is the working principle of alternator?

All the alternators work on the principle of electromagnetic induction. According to this law, for producing the electricity we need a conductor, magnetic field and mechanical energy. Every machine that rotates and reproduces Alternating Current.

Why DC is used for excitation?

In the alternator, as the rotor conductor changes its position as the rotor rotating so constant flux is to be produced in the rotor winding and it is possible only when the DC supply is given to the rotor winding. As we need constant flux that is why DC is used instead of AC for excitation of Synchronous Alternator.

## What is the EMF equation of an alternator and AC generator?

The magnitude of the AC voltage produced in the stator or armature of an alternator or synchronous generator depends on the magnetic flux, its frequency and number of turns in the stator winding. Let us derive the emf equation of the alternator or ac generator or synchronous generator. The speed of the rotor is ‘N’ RPM.

What is the EMF equation of pitch factor?

2. INTRODUCTION • emf equation of alternator • emf equation of pitch factor • emf equation of coil span factor

What makes slight changes in EMF equation of synchronous generator?

The below are the effects which make slight changes in the emf equation of synchronous generator or alternator derivation. In practice, short pitch coils are preferred. So coil is formed by connecting one coil side to another which is less than one pole pitch away.

### Where can I find the induced EMF equation?

This induced EMF can be found by the EMF equation of the alternator which as follow: Lets, P = No. of poles. Z = No. of Conductors or Coil sides in series/phase i.e. Z = 2T…Where T is the number of coils or turns per phase (Note that one turn or coil has two ends or sides)

The magnitude of the AC voltage produced in the stator or armature of an alternator or synchronous generator depends on the magnetic flux, its frequency and number of turns in the stator winding. Let us derive the emf equation of the alternator or ac generator or synchronous generator. The speed of the rotor is ‘N’ RPM.

How to find the EMF equation of synchronous generator?

= 4 f Φ volts. Let Tph be the total number of turns per phase connected in series. Assuming concentrated winding, we can say that a are placed in single slot per pole per phase (So induced emf’s in all turns will be in phase as placed in a single slot.

This induced EMF can be found by the EMF equation of the alternator which as follow: Lets, P = No. of poles. Z = No. of Conductors or Coil sides in series/phase i.e. Z = 2T…Where T is the number of coils or turns per phase (Note that one turn or coil has two ends or sides)

What is EMF equation of three phase transformers?

EMF or electromotive force, i.e.Voltage, is generated when the magnets inside the alternator turn within the wire coil of the alternator. What is emf equation of three phase transformers?