## What creates drag on a helicopter?

Weight opposes lift and is caused by the downward pull of gravity. Thrust is the force that propels the helicopter through the air. Opposing lift and thrust is drag, the retarding force created by development of lift and the movement of an object through the air.

### How does a helicopter achieve forward motion?

In addition to moving up and down, helicopters can fly forward, backward and sideways. This kind of directional flight is achieved by tilting the swash plate assembly with the cyclic, which alters the pitch of each blade as it rotates. As a result, every blade produces maximum lift at a particular point.

How does a helicopter compensate for torque?

On most helicopters, a small rotor near the tail which called tail rotor compensates for this torque. On twin rotor helicopter the rotors rotate in opposite directions, their reactions cancel each other. The lifting force is produced by the main rotor . Each blade produces an equal share of the lifting force.

How does a helicopter cyclic work?

The cyclic is used to control the main rotor in order to change the helicopter’s direction of movement. In a hover, the cyclic controls the movement of the helicopter forward, back, and laterally. Thus, If the pilot pushes the cyclic forward, the rotor disk tilts forward, and the helicopter is drawn straight ahead.

## How can parasite drag be reduced?

There are two ways to decrease friction drag: the first is to shape the moving body so that laminar flow is possible. The second method is to increase the length and decrease the cross-section of the moving object as much as practicable.

### How do I reduce drag profile?

Profile drag is reduced through the use of natural laminar flow airfoils, which maintain distinct low-drag-ranges (drag buckets) surrounding design lift values. The low-drag-ranges can be extended to include off-design values through small flap deflections, similar to cruise flaps.

When does induced drag increase or decrease in a helicopter?

At a hover, or at lower airspeeds, induced drag is highest. It decreases as airspeed increases and the helicopter moves into undisturbed air. Curve “C” shows the profile drag curve. Profile drag remains relatively constant throughout the speed range with some increase at the higher airspeeds.

How does parasite drag work on a helicopter?

Parasite drag goes up at an increasing rate at airspeeds above the midrange. Curve “B” shows how induced drag decreases as aircraft airspeed increases. At a hover, or at lower airspeeds, induced drag is highest. It decreases as airspeed increases and the helicopter moves into undisturbed air. Curve “C” shows the profile drag curve.

## How does a helicopter move forward during flight?

Only the main rotor is used to move the helicopter up and down, and to make the helicopter tilt forward, backward, left, or right. By tilting a blade to increase the blade’s angle of attack, the pilot can increase the force of lift that is pushing up on that blade. Posted on July 27, 2017 at 9:13 pm.

### What are the drag and thrust forces of a helicopter?

In powered flight (hovering, vertical, forward, sideward, or rearward), the total lift and thrust forces of a rotor are perpendicular to the tip-path plane or plane of rotation of the rotor. For standardization purposes, this discussion assumes a stationary hover in a no-wind condition.

What causes the drag on a helicopter blade?

Simply put, induced drag is the result of producing lift. It is higher with higher Angles of Attack (AOA) in the blades because more lift generates greater downward velocities / vortices which increase drag.

How does the lift of a helicopter change?

The magnitude of this lift is actually changed by altering the angle at which the rotor blades meet the air blowing over them. This is known as increasing or decreasing the pitch angle of the rotor blades, and this alters the amount of lift produced.

In powered flight (hovering, vertical, forward, sideward, or rearward), the total lift and thrust forces of a rotor are perpendicular to the tip-path plane or plane of rotation of the rotor. For standardization purposes, this discussion assumes a stationary hover in a no-wind condition.

Parasite drag goes up at an increasing rate at airspeeds above the midrange. Curve “B” shows how induced drag decreases as aircraft airspeed increases. At a hover, or at lower airspeeds, induced drag is highest. It decreases as airspeed increases and the helicopter moves into undisturbed air. Curve “C” shows the profile drag curve.