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2018-08-18

the social sustainability of the gross national happiness

Iris Pufé explores in her new book sustainability with the relationship between social sustainability and happiness research. Social sustainability describes the human-centred use of a system or organization in a way that this remains in its essential features a durable one and to be personnel related, as well as societal survival. The following aspects play a role:

  • Current problems, the expression of social Non-sustainability, are able to crush terrorism, forced migration, Poor-rich-gap or discrimination and how these elusive, soften the aspects of whole Economies and countries.
  • Social resources are, for example, tolerance, solidarity, integration, inclusion, focus on the Common good, rights and sense of justice.
  • Another possible Definition of social sustainability, The solution to the problems of Distribution between regions, social classes, genders, and age groups, as well as the cultural Integration of affiliations and identities.
  • Theoretical approaches to the class theory of Pierre Bourdieu, as well as the Rational Choice Theory of James S. Coleman and Robert Putnam.

Social sustainability, have been neglected and undervalued. She learns, however, is increasingly attention through social innovations such as social networks (such as the success of Facebook), collaborations, strategic alliances, the lack of skilled labour, human capital appreciation.

A frame of reference for the assessment of social sustainability, the research on Happiness is. So the measurement of happiness and satisfaction into perspective, for example by the World Happiness Index (HPI) and World Database of Happiness, the weight of purely economic factors. Rather, the factors are not pure are important as social well-being, good relationships with family, friends, neighbors and the community, as well as an intact, healthy nature, so market goods.

The term gross national happiness was coined in 1979 by the king of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck,. He was expressing that he feels committed to an economic development that Bhutan’s unique culture and Buddhist values’. Bhutan has used for this purpose with the Commission for gross national happiness, a state Commission, and in article 9.2 of the Constitution: “The state shall strive to promote those conditions that enable the pursuit of Gross National Happiness”

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