started by young technology tried geeks in their garages on the “screw Together” small computer, tried and the computer to your needs adapted, programmed, and new ideas for the use of the new machine developed. So you say today, this time of new beginnings.
At the same time Software was developed that took their success both in the private environment as well as from the business environment was taken over. It is precisely the detachment from economic purposes, revealed new sources of Creativity. The Computer came with the PC over the threshold to the living world. With the proliferation of the Internet finally, the importance of the computer grew up as an information and communication medium. A few years later, IT should be-giants emerge, swirling in the global markets with each other and the whole of the innovation should be in control of events. It is the stories, written mainly by Microsoft, Apple, Google, and Facebook.
In the private sector, new and emerging hardware and Software delivered later also creates impetus for the development of new application fields in the world of organizations. A variety of intersections and Acquisitions from the world of organisations and the life world are shaping up today, a messy image. From the garage company-development PC has long since become a global economic Cluster, the Open-Source project, Linux is playing in both worlds, Wikipedia seems to be a stable service for the life of the world.
They are increasingly driven by the ingenuity of tinkerers with excellent programming knowledge, you describe the German scene itself as sticklers when it comes to.
In the early days of this era in California, the inventors have acquired their knowledge, often at universities, and then auto-didactically developed. Try your technical projects, cumbersome and fragmented, often even in Internet Communities and Open Source projects, with great endurance and sometimes a large economic success. The leading figures Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Linus Torvaldts or Marc Zuckerberg, they all began again.
The inventors are today important engines of Innovation in the digital society. Many of today’s “everyday technologies” go back to a single inventor or a tinkerer Team, primarily located in the Silicon Valley. The context to craft in which you began, often lay somewhere between the University, Garage and Business. They were initially curious by the offers of their universities. There they could practice around the clock. The Business was then built up often to these developments. The University degree was often on the track.
The Central question for the inventors was to start with, such as computers and the Internet as part of the future of “furniture” in the living world can be integrated, without actions to limit, expand it more. The question to the users of the innovations is therefore new. The user is no longer primarily the Management or the employees in organizations, but the person in the life of the world. The PC was surfing welcomed in the life-world of the new users initially, as a machine for leisure welcome to: holiday archive pictures, games to play, in the Word Wide Web.
While the classical information techniques for business objectives to be used in the corporate world, the users with the advent of the PC and the Internet in your communications, regardless of time and place, and the world. In Parallel, these techniques could also be used in the enterprise. Here they met with a quicker and more productive communication processes.
When all of this started, was back in California the flower-power time. Under this influence software tried developers with great commitment, Peer-to-peer Software to support the grassroots democracy in companies to advance Computer-supported-cooperative-work (cscw). One of your far-sighted representatives of Douglas Engel Barth. He suggested three classes of support software, where he worked with his research group in the CoLab-project of the XEROX Palo Alto Research Center: Software for meeting support, conference systems, and Software for the localized and time-independent collaboration. If you will, is already the character of later social networks visible.
It is probably no coincidence that in the so-called “68er” a Boom of tinkerers and techies came up. They wanted to develop for their political notions of participation and co-operation with the appropriate “tools”. It was her concern, to overcome the conventional data processing technologies that were designed to stabilize hierarchies and domination, to control and to control. The Internet was designed as a decentralized, barely controlled power. In the Internet-Design, the Autonomous, almost anarchic ideas of the ‘ 68 period.
The Text comes from the current book to The Google’s core and other spider web of Arno Rolf, and Arno Sagawe – available at well-assorted bookstores and online. The book anticipates the future. It describes the exact way of our society in the Digital world – in the Smart society. Invisible is now visible.